Sexual health plays an important role in every human being's life. Healthy sexual relationships are required to build up a healthy generation. Sexual life is an important part of a couple's foundation and marital relationship. It acts as a stabilizer or base for human existence. Sexual problems are very common in the current society even though it seems to be a taboo.
Defining sexual dysfunction:
The term defines itself. Sexual dysfunction can be widely defined as the inability to have satisfactory sexual intercourse. It can be judged from the sex partner either the intercourse was satisfactory or not. Sexual dysfunction is one of the popular issues that affect relationship very badly. Sexual dysfunction can be a symptom of any other medical or psychological issue. So, the problem should be taken seriously as it affects the life of individuals.
Sexual dysfunction causes problems during any face of the sexual response cycle. This will prevent the individual or couple from experiencing a satisfactory sexual activity. The sexual response cycle has four phases, namely:
- Orgasm and
The duration of the phases has a range and varies among individuals and among the genders. Even among the same individual the duration changes over time. This is where a sexual consultant plays a key role, identifies the problem and provide a solution. When any of these get obstructed or not able to experience, which can be considered to be a sexual dysfunction issue?
Sexual dysfunction and men:
The main issues faced by men related to sexual dysfunction may include erectile dysfunction, inhibited sexual desire and ejaculation disorders.
Ejaculation disorder- Ejaculation disorder can be of different types, such as:
- Premature ejaculation: Ejaculation that occurs soon after or before penetration is called premature ejaculation.
- Inhibited or retarded ejaculation: When ejaculation does not occur, it is called inhibited or retarded ejaculation.
- Retrograde or Anejaculation: The ejaculate is forced back into the bladder rather than through the urethra and out the end of the penis at the time of orgasm is called retrograde ejaculation.
Premature and inherited ejaculation can be caused due to psychological factors. It is said that, the most common sexual dysfunction in men, i.e., premature ejaculation usually occur due to performance anxiety. However, the main cause can be diagnosed after thorough checkups.
Erectile dysfunction: It is also called impotence. The inability to maintain or attain an erection suitable for intercourse can be called as erectile dysfunction. Diseases affecting blood flow such as atherosclerosis, nerve disorders, psychological factors etc. can cause erectile dysfunction.
Inhibited sexual desire: A decrease in the desire or disinterest in sexual activity can be called as inhibited sexual desire. Psychological factors and hormonal issues can cause inhibited sexual desire.
The diagnosis will start with a physical examination. The doctor will examine the individual and ask questions to have an idea. Tests may be suggested as a further step. It may include:
- Vascular assessment
- Sensory testing
- Blood tests
- Nocturnal penile tumescence and rigidity testing.
The treatment plan will be based on the cause for the issue. If the problem is caused due to psychological issues, it can be treated with counselling and kind of treatments. Other treatment strategies may include:
- Medical treatment
- Hormone treatments
- Mechanical aids
- Education and communication.
Treating the cause is very important in every health issue, so is the case of sexual dysfunction.